WASHINGTON, D.C. -- Cuba, Libya, Iran, Iraq, North Korea, Syria? By
any objective criteria, based upon generally accepted norms for civil
society, the rogue state par excellence is not among this frequently
cited group of states.
The rogue state par excellence has carried on a campaign of international terrorism and genocide,
has refused to abide by international law or treaties, has violated
norms of civil society, and has defied world opinion to a degree
unmatched by the frequently cited "rogue states." Some recent examples:
On 20 August 1998, after two embassies, in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam,
had been blown up, this rogue state launched a missile strike on the El Shifa pharmaceutical factory
in Sudan, thereby, destroying more than 50 percent of this impoverished
nations's medicine producing capability. Today the London based
Independent reports that an investigation of the missile attack by Kroll
Associates has concluded that there was no evidence to link the
facility or its owner to international terrorism.
Also, on August 20, 1998 this rogue state fired 75 cruise missiles
into the east of Afghanistan. The missile strike was described as a blow
at Ossama bin Laden's camp for training terrorists. A few huts were
destroyed, and several civilians killed or injured.
Four months later, on December 16, 1998, on the pretext that Iraq was
not cooperating with the United Nations Special Commission, this rogue
state launched a massive attack on Iraq. Over a four-day period 300
strike fighters, bombers and support aircraft flew 600 sorties, more
than half of them at night. Another 40 ships took part in the attack,
with 10 of them firing cruise missiles. More than 600 bombs were
dropped, 90 cruise missiles fired from the air and another 300 from
ships at sea.
These attacks, in which this rogue state acted as judge, jury, and executioner, violated the United Nations charter, and Security Council resolutions. They were almost universally condemned.
Using its $265 billion per year military machine,
its economic power, and $97 million appropriated for the purpose of
toppling the Iraqi government, this rogue state has maintained crippling
sanctions on Iraq whose military outlays were $3 billion annually at
their peak, and about $1.2 billion recently. According to UNICEF
statistics cited by Dennis Halliday,
the United Nations Humanitarian Coordinator for Iraq who resigned in
protest, these sanctions have been killing five or six thousand children
every month since the 1991 Gulf War.
Also, as a result of at least one million rounds of ammunition, coated in a
radioactive material known as depleted uranium,
or DU, fired upon a retreating Iraqi army at the close of the Gulf War,
three times more children are being born with congenital deformities
than before the Gulf war reports the London based Guardian/Observer (Dec
21, 1998). In both Britain and the United States, veterans of that same
war are coming forward with reports of sick and dying children.
Since mid-January of this year, this rogue state has been dropping
bombs on Iraqi radar and missile sites, none of which violate any law or
treaty. Frequently civilians are also killed and injured. This is done
under the guise of protecting dissident groups in Iraq. The "no fly
zones" imposed upon Iraq by this rogue state and its allies have no
basis in law or treaty, and are a flimsy cover for violating the
airspace of a sovereign nation.
Last year, reports the Washington Post (Dec 22), this rogue state
announced its decision to use a commercial reactor for military nuclear
programs which breaks a 53-year nonproliferation policy it has long
urged upon other countries, most recently North Korea, India and Iraq,
not to use nuclear power reactors to produce plutonium or
highly-enriched uranium, two other key components of nuclear bombs.
About a week ago, reports the Associated Press (Feb 10) this rogue
state conducted an underground nuclear test. It was the sixth such test
by this rogue state since a 1992 global ban on test explosions of
This rogue state has violated the Chemical Weapons Convention since it
was ratified (The Washington Post, Sep. 17). According to the Washington
based Stimson Center "For the past 18 months, the [rogue state] has
malignancy in the midst of the CWC."
Now this rogue state proposes to violate the 1972 Antiballistic
Missile Treaty. Its current budget proposal contains $6.6 billion for a
national missile defense system using space-based sensors, and
ground-based missiles, which experts believe won't work, but which is
bound to accelerate the arms race.
While urging nonproliferation of weapons by others, this rogue state is
the biggest exporter of weapons. According to the International
Institute for Strategic Studies, global arms trade expanded by 8 percent
in real terms in 1996 to $39.9 billion. Most of this expansion was due
to increased demand by East Asia and the Middle East. Forty-four
percent of these exports, or $17 biilion, were from this rogue state.
While championing democracy, this rogue state supports and sustains authoritarian regimes, and monarchies,
against the wishes of their prople. It brands those who fight for
democracy, or independence from foreign domination, as terrorists.
Last week this rogue state defied world opinion by voting against the
U.N. General Assembly resolution calling for an international conference
on July 15, 1999 on Israeli settlements in traditionally Arab areas
that Palestinians claim are illegal. The vote was 115-2 with five
While suing tobacco companies for damages due to smoking related
illnesses (in a deal reminiscent of the Opium Wars fought by Britain to
force China to buy opium, and to settle for peace by giving away Hong
Kong), this rogue state used the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
to force Thailand into buying imported cigarettes which the Thai
government feared would hinder their efforts to control smoking, and
consequently smoking related illnesses.
While bribery has become an acknowledged way of life in many countries, says the reknowned attorney Gerry Spence (Give Me Liberty!),
in this state "bribery, made legal, is yet more evil, permitting the
corporate core to buy and own the [legislature] and the presidency with
While millions lack health care, and subsist at poverty levels, while
thousands sleep on the street, this rogue state's "federal government
alone shells out $125 billion a year in corporate welfare ("Corporate
Welfare," TIME, Nov 9, 1998, Special Report), this in the midst of one
of the more robust economic periods in [it's] history. Indeed, thus far
in the 1990's, corporate profits have totaled $4.5 trillion -- a sum
equal to the cumulative paychecks of 50 million working [citizens] who
earned less than $25,000 a year, for eight years."
This rogue state has more prisoners known to be awaiting execution than
any other country according to "Rights for All," a 153 page report from
Amnesty International. Prisons for adults also hold at least 3,500
child convicts in violation of an international convention on civil
In this rogue state's prisons,
says Amnesty International, "thousands of people are subjected to
sustained and deliberate brutality at the hands of police officers.
Cruel, degrading and sometimes life-threatening methods of restraint
continue to be a feature of [its] criminal justice system."
Amnesty says that "inmates are physically and sexually abused by
other inmates and by guards... Sanctions against those responsible for
abuses are rare, ... Prison guards restrain the inmates with electric
shock stun guns, leg irons, pepper spray and restraint chairs. Some
women prisoners have given birth while in shackles."
This rogue state, reports the Washington Post (Nov 6, 1998), "skirts -- or sometimes flouts -- norms of due process. The use of secret evidence
to deport or exclude aliens who are accused of no crimes --
combined with laws permitting their indefinite detention -- remains the
most egregious offense. All the more so since in some of these cases,
the evidence -- when it finally emerges -- seems less than impressive."
"The rise in counterterrorism wiretapping and physical searching under
the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act," says the Washington Post,
"also presents difficulties, as do asset forfeiture proceedings against
people who are accused of supporting terrorist groups but have not been
charged with crimes."
This rogue state spies on its citizens. The ECHELON
system developed by this rogue state, in partnership with the
Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) in Britain, the
Communications Security Establishment (CSE) in Canada, and the Defense
Signals Directorate (DSD) in Australia, is used to intercept ordinary
e-mail, fax, telex, and telephone communications carried over the
world's telecommunications networks.
Unlike many of the electronic spy systems developed during the Cold War, says a report prepared for the European Parliament (An Appraisal of Technologies of Political Control), ECHELON is designed primarily for
non-military targets: governments, organizations, businesses, and
individuals in virtually every country. It potentially affects every person
communicating between (and sometimes within) countries anywhere in the
These are just a few examples of this rogue state's campaign of
international terrorism and genocide, its refusal to abide by
international law or treaties, and its violation of the norms of civil
society -- the very same allegations it makes against other states.
This rogue state has been able to do all this because its major media
either remain silent, or participate in deceiving its citizens, whereby,
the vast majority of them remain uninformed. The concerned, informed
minority is denied access to the primary channels of communication.
By any objective criteria, based upon generally accepted norms for
civil society, the rogue state par excellence is neither Cuba, Libya,
Iran, Iraq, North Korea, nor Syria. Let's face the facts. During the
final decade of this millennium, the rogue state par excellence has
been, and is, the United States -- proclaimer of the right of all to
"life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness."
[For background read: Michael Klare, "Rogue
States and Nuclear Outlaws;" William Blum, "Killing
Hope: US Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II;" and Howard
of Independence: Cross-Examining American Ideology."]
["While the U.S. regularly denounces various countries as 'rogue states,' in
the eyes of many countries it is becoming the rogue superpower."--Gary Wills,
"Bully of the World," also see Samuel P. Huntington, "The Lonely Superpower,"
Foreign Affairs, Mar/Apr 1999]
["Now, in the vote at the UN, in the headlines of papers across Europe, in
the planning of countries large and small, there is a growing consensus that the
world's most destructive rogue nation is the most powerful country of them
Nation," The Nation, May 28, 2001]
Boomerang! How our covert wars have
created enemies across the Middle East and brought terror to America
Robin McKie and David Smith, "US
to deploy hyper-missiles: Anywhere on Earth could be targeted 'within two
hours'," The Observer, November 14, 2004
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